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Phonology is referred to as the study of the sounds of language. Pronunciation errors are common in children when they are learning to talk. During the child’s development stages, phonological disorders can affect a child’s ability to learn, read or spell. Speech problems are usually temporary and can often be overcome.
Types of problems with speech may include:
Some of the common speech disorders are:
Infection of the upper respiratory tract may cause inflammation of the larynx, which leads to temporary loss of voice. Also, some brain, nerve and muscle disorders such as cerebral palsycan affect the organs involved in speech. Speech problems may also be caused by hearing loss, mental retardation, cancer, mutisim, deafness, vocal cord problems, and nodules or polyps. These conditions may interfere withyourchild’s ability to speak.
The best way to treat your child and improve their speech ability is by treating the underlying disease condition.
Speech therapy helps to overcome problems of stuttering and lisping. In this therapy, your child will be given speech and language tests, which will help the therapist diagnose, understand and treat the problem. Rhymes or poems, and readingbooks are used as tools to improve speech vocabulary. Sign language may betaught to supporta child who says few words, to avoid frustration. Speech therapy helps children who have trouble pronouncing letters and syllables. It includes coordination exercises that strengthen the speech muscles and guidance from the speech therapist on the proper placement of the lips and tongue. For stuttering, your child’s speech therapist will teach your child to talk in a way that he or she feels easy and relaxed.
Other ways to overcome speech problems in your child include:
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