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Movements are produced by an interaction between the brain, spinal cord, nerves and muscles. Damage to any of these structures can lead to disruption or loss of movement. Movement disorders are a group of neurological disorders characterized by abnormal involuntary or voluntary movements. Deficit in movements may involve weakness, paralysis or exaggerated reflexes of voluntary muscles, decreased movement of involuntary muscles, and loss of coordination.
Some movement disorders in children may include
The doctor will diagnose your child’s condition by reviewing your child’s symptoms and family history and performing a physical examination. Imaging tests such as MRI and PET scans, and neurological tests that study movement may be ordered.
Treatment depends on the type of movement disorder. Your child’s doctor may prescribe medications or behavioral therapy to control symptoms, Botox injections may be administered to control muscle spasms, or surgery may be suggested in case of severe symptoms.
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