ACPN | UAE
ACPN | UAE ACPN | UAE

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Specialized Treatment Programs

    Multiple Sclerosis

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease that disrupts the flow of information within the brain, and between the spinal cord and body. Early MS symptoms include weakness, tingling, numbness, and blurred vision. Other signs are muscle stiffness, thinking problems, and urinary problems. Effective treatment can relieve MS symptoms and delay disease progression

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    Research has shown that people with Multiple Sclerosis make greater improvements while under the care of experienced clinicians within a specialist Multiple Sclerosis service.  The American Center for Psychiatry and Neurology is the first of its kind in the UAE to offer specialist, coordinated multidisciplinary management of MS, with patients able to access a range of services and treatments tailored specifically to their individual needs. 

    Neurology

    To date, there is no definitive single laboratory test to confirm Multiple Sclerosis, therefore a confirmed diagnosis requires a comprehensive evaluation by a Neurologist with expertise in the field of MS. At the American Center for Psychiatry and Neurology we have some of the region’s leading Neurologists able to provide premier treatment and individualized care.

    ARFID - Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder

    What is ARFID? ARFID is an eating or feeding disturbance that is characterized by a persistent failure to meet appropriate nutritional and/or energy needs. It is the second most common eating disorder in children 12 years and younger but unfortunately largely under diagnosed: 63% of pediatricians are unfamiliar with this diagnosis.

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    It describes individuals whose symptoms do not match the criteria for traditional eating disorder diagnoses (no fear of weight gain), but who experience clinically significant struggles with eating and food: difficulty digesting certain foods, avoiding certain colors or textures of food, eating only very small portions or being afraid to eat to the extent that they are not getting enough to eat and/or become impaired psycho-socially.

    ARFID is more than just “picky eating”; children do not grow out of it and often become malnourished because of the limited variety of foods they will eat.

    Who gets it?

    • The true prevalence of ARFID is still being studied, but preliminary estimates suggest it may affect as many as 5% of children. 
    • ARFID is the second most common eating disorder in children 12 years and younger. 
    • Roughly 20% of individuals with ARFID are males. 
    • 80% of the children with developmental disorders have symptoms of ARFID.
    • It's mainly a disorder of early childhood but can be diagnosed past age 6 and in adolescents and adults.

    Night Eating Syndrome

    What is Night Eating Syndrome? Most of us have had the urge to grab a bite to eat in the middle of the night when we can’t sleep, feel worried or just have after-dinner hunger pangs. But when eating in the middle of the night gets out of control, your health may be in danger. Consistently consuming most of your calories between the dinner hour and breakfast time is a warning sign of night eating syndrome, or nocturnal eating syndrome (NES). NES is a serious eating disorder that has been linked with depression, stress, hormonal imbalances and abnormal sleep patterns.

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    What are the symptoms of Night Eating Syndrome?

    How do you know when you’ve crossed the line between after-dark snacking and disordered eating habits? Night eating syndrome is associated with a number of unhealthy behaviors, including:

    • Eating very little during the daylight hours
    • Consuming most of your calories in the evening or at night
    • Waking in the middle of the night to binge eat
    • Losing sleep because of late-night eating habits
    • People with NES may have difficulty getting to sleep or falling asleep. They overeat partly to be able to fall asleep. They may eat during episodes of insomnia but they are always awake during their binges.

    Health Risks and Complications

    NES is a serious eating disorder that can have a negative impact on your diet and your sleeping patterns. Many of those who struggle with this syndrome become overweight or obese as a result of their late-night eating habits, according to Obesity Reviews. Obesity can lead to a number of severe, chronic health complications.

    Getting up to eat interrupts your sleep, which could affect your mood, memory and cognitive performance. The loss of sleep can interfere with concentration, increase your risk of accidental injury, and contribute to depression or anxiety disorders. . If you’ve been eating in the middle of the night for more than a week or two, your eating patterns should be evaluated by an eating disorders specialist.

    Bigorexia

    What is Bigorexia (also referred to as muscle dysmorphia or reverse anorexia)? It’s a form of Body Dysmorphic Disorder (DSM 5) that results in a variety of obsessive-compulsive behaviors regarding diet and fitness Individuals with bigorexia develop an obsession with their muscularity believing themselves to be too weak and small no matter how big their muscles are. The condition is also referred to as ‘reverse anorexia.’ In anorexia, a person diets excessively due to a fear of gaining weight but fails to see himself thin enough, in contrast, in bigorexia, the person eats excessively especially high-protein foods to develop a big body but fails to ever see himself big enough.

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    It’s characterized by an intense fear that one is insufficiently muscular no matter how muscular he is in the reality:

    • An excessive drive to enhance the visible appearance of muscularity.
    • Accompanying behaviors include excessive working out behavior (oriented towards both building muscularity and reducing body fat, which obscures the visibility of muscularity), which takes precedence over other important areas of life,
    • Excessive regulation of dietary intake (over-regulation of protein intake, and/or the reduction of carbohydrates and fats), 
    • Use of appearance enhancing substances such as anabolic androgenic steroids.
    • Extreme muscularity is not a defining feature of MD, and the core features may occur along a spectrum of widely varying degrees of muscularity.

    Who gets it? 


    Although men are most susceptible, both men and women can be affected by this disorder. Approximately 10% of the men who are obsessive gym-goers have this disorder

    Bulimia Nervosa

    What is Bulimia Nervosa? Bulimia nervosa is a serious, potentially life-threatening eating disorder characterized by a cycle of bingeing and compensatory behaviors such as self-induced vomiting, laxative abuse, diuretics or over-exercising designed to undo or compensate for the effects of binge eating. It's important to note these methods are very dangerous, completely ineffective in calorie removal and with time promote weight gain.

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    What are the Symptoms?

    • Frequent episodes of consuming very large amount of food followed by behaviors to prevent weight gain, such as self-induced vomiting.
    • A feeling of being out of control during the binge-eating episodes.
    • Purging after a binge, typically by self-induced vomiting, abuse of laxatives, diet pills and/or diuretics, excessive exercise, or fasting.
    • Frequent diets and or very restrictive eating habits.
    • Extreme concern with body weight and shape. 
    • Self-esteem overly related to body image.

    The chance for recovery increases the earlier bulimia nervosa is detected. Therefore, it is important to be aware of some of the warning signs of bulimia nervosa.

     

    Orthorexia Nervosa

    Orthorexia Nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by an obsession on consuming only healthy and clean food.

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    What are the symptoms of orthorexia?

    • Not everyone will show the same symptoms, but the most common are:
    • An obsession with healthy food

    • Increase in the amount of time spent daily n obsession with healthy food
    • Increase in the amount of time spent daily eating only food that’s considered “pure”.
    • Distancing from friends or family members who do not share similar views about food
    • Regular advance planning of meals for the next day.
    • Fear that eating away from home will make it impossible to comply with diet
    • Feeling like certain foods are dangerous or disgusting (such as meat, products which include preservatives, artificial ingredients and processed foods).
    • Avoiding eating food bought or prepared by others
    • A strong and uncontrollable desire to eat emotionally (when feeling excited, guilty or nervous.)
    • Feeling critical of and superior to individuals who don’t eat as healthy.
    • Experiencing extreme pleasure in eating “correctly” but feeling intense despair when failing to do so, which could lead to additional exercise and eating right.
    • Worsening depression, mood swings or anxiety

    Binge Eating Disorder

    What is Binge-Eating Disorder? Despite the fact that it affects millions of Americans, binge eating disorder (BED) is a widely misunderstood mental disorder. This illness, which involves frequent overeating marked by distress and lack of control, has long been underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed.

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    Bingeing goes beyond feeling “stuffed” or overeating on occasion. Binges become a regular occurrence, feel out of control and are followed by distress, shame and embarrassment. Binge eating disorder is a severe, life-threatening and treatable eating disorder. Common aspects of BED include functional impairment, suicide risk and a high frequency of co-occurring psychiatric disorders. Binge eating disorder is the most common eating disorder in the United States, affecting 3.5% of women, 2% of men,1 and up to 1.6% of adolescents.

    Anorexia Nervosa

    What is Anorexia Nervosa? Anorexia nervosa is a serious medical and mental health condition that can be life-threatening. Anorexia is characterized by an obsessive fear of weight gain and a refusal to maintain a healthy body weight and typically a distorted body image. Sufferers may restrict caloric intake or purge calories consumed through vomiting (also called purging), laxative/diuretic abuse and/or compulsive exercise.

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    Who gets it?

    • A big majority of anorexia nervosa sufferers are girls and women
    • Anorexia nervosa can also affect men: the last decade has witnessed a significant increase in the numbers of men suffering from it: the current female to mal ratio is 4 to 1 and was 10 to 1 10 years ago
    • Between 0.5–1% of American women suffer from anorexia nervosa.
    • Anorexia nervosa is one of the most common psychiatric diagnoses in young women.
    • Anorexia Nervosa is the deadliest of all mental health disorders: between 5-20% of individuals struggling with the disorder will die from it.
    • Anorexia nervosa typically appears in early to mid-adolescence in women and appears slightly later in men.

    NeuroStar TMS Therapy

    NeuroStar TMS Therapy is an FDA-cleared, non-drug treatment for patients with depression who are not satisfied with the results of standard antidepressant medication. Proven safe and effective, NeuroStar TMS Therapy achieves results without the side effects often associated with antidepressant medications.

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    • An effective non-drug treatment for patients seeking alternate depression therapy
    • Precision Pulse TMS™ technology provides targeted stimulation to select regions of the brain
    • Outpatient procedure easily performed in the physicians’ office
    • Noninvasive and requires no anesthesia or sedation
    • Patients may return to normal activities immediately after treatment
    • Daily treatment performed 5 days a week for 4 to 6 weeks
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